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Bartholomeo Ricci: De imitatione libri tres

 

Bartholomeo Ricci: De imitatione libri tres, 1545

 

Bartholomeo Ricci:

BARTHOLOMAEI RICCII DE IMI|TATIONE LIBRI TRES AD AL|FONSVM ATESTIVM PRIN-|CIPEM, SVVM IN LITERIS | ALVMNVM, HERCVLIS | II. FERRARIENSIVM | PRINCIPIS | FILIVM. || Signet || Cum priuilegio Pontificis Max. & Senatus Veneti. | VENETIIS, M. D. XXXXV.
Kolophon fol. L8r: VENETIIS, APVD ALDI FILIOS. | M. D. XLV.

Venedig: Paulus Manutius, 1545.

Octavo. 161 × 98 mm. 88 (recte 87), [1] Blätter. - Lagensignaturen: A-L8. Mit dem Aldus-Signet auf dem Titel und dem letzten Blatt verso.

Dunkelblaues Halbchagrinleder der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jh.; die Deckel mit blau/schwarzem Superfein Achat-Marmor bezogen, die Ecken mit Einlagen von Pergament verstärkt. Der Rücken durch vier erhabene Bünde unterteilt, neben diesen vergoldete Doppellinien; Verfasser und Titel im zweiten Feld, Ort und Jahr im folgenden; in den restlichen je ein stilisiertes fleurales Ornament.

Bartholomeo Ricci (1490-1569) aus Lugo in der Romagna studierte bei Urbano Rassetti und in Bologna bei Romolo Amaseo, von Andrea Navagero wurde er Marcus Musurus empfohlen, ferner korrespondierte er mit Pietro Bembo. Während einer schlimmen Krankheit schrieb er im Jahre 1538 an Paolo Manuzio und vertraute ihm die Veröffentlichung seiner Werke an. Als Exponent des Ciceronianismus veröffentlichte Ricci zahlreiche Werke. In „De Imitatione“, von Roger Ascham in „The Scholemaster“ (London: J. Daye, 1570) gewürdigt, greift er ein schon von Pietro Bembo und Angelo Poliziano behandeltes Thema auf: Die Nachahmung ist nicht mechanische Übung im Sinne von Wiederholung, sondern als Aneignung lebendige Verbindung zwischen der kulturellen Vergangenheit und dem Individuum. Cf. Jöcher III,2067 & Contemporaries of Erasmus III,155.

Einband an den oberen Kapitalen außen minimal berieben, sonst wohlerhalten; innen die ersten drei und die letzten beiden Blätter etwas fleckig, im letzten Drittel oben ein leichter Wasserrand, sonst meist sauber und recht breitrandig.

19th-century morocco-backed boards. Upper margin of last quires waterstained. “[Ricci] also wrote the treatise ‘De imitatione’, praised by Roger Ascham in ‘The Scholemaster’, in which he took up a theme already developed by Angelo Poliziano and Pietro Bembo, arguing that imitation was not a mechanical exercise but a vital link between the individual and the past” (Contemporaries of Erasmus, III, pp. 155-156).

Renouard 131,6 - Adams R490 (nur zwei Exx.) - BM STC 554.
Die Abbildung stammt aus einer Beilage zu meinem Katalog Nr. 7 und gibt nicht den originalen Zustand wieder!

 

“Occasionally theorists appear to recognize distinct moments or versions of imitatio, but to my knowledge only Bartolomeo Ricci, in his De imitatione, first published in 1541, writes as if there were accepted divisions of the genus imitatio into species. Ricci is about to discuss, at length, Virgil’s emulation, in his treatment of Dido, of Catullus’ Ariadne, but prefaces his remarks with the request that no one accuse him of ignorance because ‘I attribute to imitation that which belongs to emulation. For although following, imitating, and emulating are three entirely different species, they are similar and do belong to one class.’ Despite this gesture towards a tripartite imitatio – sequi, imitari, aemulari Ricci makes no effort to use the concepts precisely; one often feels the choice of a term is dictated only by elegant variation.

Even though no other Renaissance theorist explicitly discusses species of imitation, one can identify Ricci’s three species by studying the imagery, analogies, and metaphors of writings on imitation. The distinctions are most accessible in the metaphoric contrasts and comparisons which a theorist adopts to illustrate his position. Very often Ricci’s three classes collapse into two, an opposition between imitation and emulation in which case imitating and following are not distinguished. Thus the two major categories of imitation are imitation (imitatio) and emulation (aemulatio).

(...) Ricci’s sequi/imitari/aemulari distinction, quoted in the introduction to this paper, may be indebted to Erasmus, although it also recalls Bembo’s above-quoted progression from imitandum to assequi contendamus to praetereamus. A member of Bembo’s circle in Venice, Daniel Barbaro, in his ‘Della eloquenza’ (1557) also offers a threefold division of imitation: ‘Et in brieve, bisogna aprir gli occhi e nello imitare i dotti et eccellenti uomini si richiede considerare di che forma essi sieno più abondanti e di che meno, acciò che sapendo per qual cagione essi stati sieno tali, ancora non sia tolto i1 potere agli studiosi di accostarsi loro, et aguagliarli, e se possibile è (che pure è possible al modo già detto) di superargli’ (Trattati 2.450). With these tripartite divisions of imitation contrast Sturm’s opposition between servile and free imitation, De imitatione oratoria 1.2.” — George W. Pigman, III: Versions of Imitation in the Renaissance. Renaissance Quarterly. Vol. 33, No. 1, Spring, 1980. pp. 1-32.